Library and Archives Canada
In 1872, the Canadian government created an Archives Division within the Department of Agriculture; its mandate was to acquire
and transcribe documents related to Canadian history. In 1912, parliamentary legislation transformed this division into an
autonomous organization, the Public Archives of Canada, and confirmed its responsibility to manage government documents. The
mandate of the new institution focused on the acquisition of documents on all types of media, putting into practice the innovative
concept of “total archives.” Further legislation in 1987 clarified and reinforced the role and responsibilities of the Public
Archives of Canada, which was then renamed the National Archives of Canada. In October 2002, in order to improve access to
Canada’s documentary heritage, the government announced the creation of a new institution, Library and Archives Canada, which
united the National Archives of Canada and the National Library of Canada (founded in 1953).
Library and Archives Canada (LAC) assembles large fonds and collections of archival documents of national importance, including
private archives, together with documents related to the federal government and governments dating back to before 1867. Among
its holdings are archival documents related to political, economic, social and cultural domains. Library and Archives Canada
also has collections of documentary art, photographs, sound recordings and audiovisual documents, maps and architectural documents,
as well as a collection of all books published in Canada and about Canada.
Reference Services of Library and Archives Canada provides assistance to researchers, information and advice on researching
documents on all types of media, as well as information on archival and library practices and principles.
||395, Wellington Sreet
Canada K1A ON3
||(613) 995-5138 or (613) 995-9481
1-866-578-7777 or 1-877-896-9481 (toll free in Canada)
TTY: (613) 947-0391 ou (613) 992-6969
||(613) 995-6274 or (613) 943-1112
||http://www.archives.ca/ or http://www.nlc-bnc.ca
Conditions of access: Consult the Library and Archives Canada Web site.